Sunscreen is a topical cream which can be applied to reduce amount of solar ultraviolet radiation (UVR) that the skin absorbs. Although it is important to remember that sunscreen is not a substitute for sun avoidance or sun protection! Sun avoidance should be practiced during the...

Hello spring! Does it feel like the African sun sometimes forgets that spring exists as we abruptly hop from one season to the next? What often also comes on just as abruptly as the seasons is grass and other plant pollen causing irritation. Summertime for...

Spring heralds a shift in the seasons with the promise of longer and warmer sunny days. This is great if you’re someone who loves the outdoors, but it might unfortunately bring unwanted skin problems. Below are some examples of skin diseases that could be associated with...

Botox™ is a molecule that is well-known and used worldwide for wrinkle reduction. Let’s have a look first at how it works. When injected in miniscule amounts, the Botox™ molecule works in the neuromuscular junctions, and blocks signals between the peripheral nerve and the muscle where...

Lupus is a chronic autoimmune disorder that can affect your skin, joints and other internal organs in the body. Autoimmune disorders occur when the body’s immune system is dysregulated and attacks normal healthy tissue instead. Did you know that there is a systemic form of lupus...

Melanocytic nevi, or commonly known as moles, are usually benign in children and nothing of concern. New moles may appear during childhood and into early adulthood. It is normal for moles to darken or lighten over time. Some might fade away completely.   As your child grows, moles get...

Currently in South Africa, it is mandatory to wear face masks in public.   As a result, all sorts of masks are available at thousands of outlets.  We see cotton cloth masks, surgical masks, designer masks made from specialised materials and even buffs acting as masks.   But although wearing a face mask has been...

During the winter months many people are visiting indoor tanning beds to help along that all year Summery glow.   If under normal conditions you are one of them it may be worthwhile to consider the following facts about the practice of indoor tanning:  Tanning beds are not safe.   The World Health Organisation has declared indoor tanning devices to be cancer-causing agents that are...

Skin cancer screening is a comprehensive review of a patient’s skin for early detection of suspicious-looking lesions. Early diagnosis of skin cancer is imperative. In the case of melanoma, early detection may potentially save your life. Skin surveillance is also a form of cancer screening for...

Melasma is a common pigmentary disorder that leads to irregular brown patches on the face. The cheeks, central face and jaw may be affected. The brown discolouration is caused by an increased amount of melanin pigment in the skin. Women who have melasma are usually very...

Skin cancer is the most common cancer worldwide. It is typically divided into melanoma and non-melanoma skin cancer. Non-melanoma skin cancer encompasses basal cell carcinoma (BCC) and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and is by far the most common cancer in South Africa. Although melanoma is...

It is well known that COVID-19 (SARS-CoV-2 virus) causes symptoms such as fever, sore throat, dry cough and shortness of breath. Not much has been reported with regards to if, and how, COVID-19 affects the skin except for a few sparse case reports in the...

5 May is dedicated to World Hand Hygiene Day. While the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic has made everyone much more aware of the importance of hand hygiene, we want to focus a bit on how hand hygiene ties into dermatology and skin care in general.   Hand hygiene is essential to prevent the spread of infections. Many viral, bacterial and other types of infectious diseases are invisible...

With April being Rosacea Awareness Month, we are shedding some more light on this often overlooked, but common, skin disorder. It is a condition that causes significant embarrassment and distressing symptoms to those that have it. Rosacea is a chronic disorder that primarily affects the face....

The COVID-19 pandemic is sweeping across the globe. Unfortunately, this causes many people to experience psychological stress on an unprecedented scale. We have been forced into a lockdown situation where we may not leave our houses – not only for our own health and safety, but more importantly to prevent passing on the virus to those with compromised immune systems...

On 7 April we very appropriately commemorate the World Health Organistion’s World Health Day. It is an annual celebration, but this year we specifically recognise the vital role that nurses and midwives play in keeping the world healthy. The world’s attention is rightfully focussed on...